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Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War

Year 2020, Issue 7, 90 - 104, 21.06.2021

Abstract

Suriye İç Savaşı Perspektifinden Rusya-İsrail İlişkileri

Öz: Bu makalenin amacı, 2015 yılında Suriye iç savaşının başlamasından bu yana Rusya-İsrail ilişkilerinin dinamiklerini incelemektir. Moskova ve Tel Aviv'in siyasi, askeri, ekonomik ve kültürel alanlarda derin tarihi bağları bulunmaktadır, Rusya'nın uluslararası gelişmelerdeki önemli rolü, özellikle Rusya'nın 2015 yılında Suriye iç savaşına müdahalesinin ardından İran ve Hizbullah'ın vekil güçlerinin Suriye'nin güneyindeki (Golan Tepeleri) tehditleri sebebiyle İsrail’I Rusya İsrail'i Rusya ile ilişkilerini genişletmeye zorladı. Bu makalede, Suriye iç savaşında Rusya ve İsrail arasındaki ilişkileri ve bunun diğer ülkelere olan sonuçlarını mevcut jeopolitik değişimler bağlamında analiz etmek amaçlanmaktadır. Realpolitik temelli ulusal çıkarlar, diplomatik ve güvenlik ilişkilerinin mevcut seviyesini açıklamak için anahtardır. Suriye iç savaşı bağlamında, Rusya ile İsrail arasındaki ilişkiler ısındı. Rusya'nın Suriye'deki politikası beklentisi, İsrail'in güvenlik çıkarları için daha fazla ilgiyi hak ediyor. Bu makaledeki yöntem betimsel-analitiktir.

References

  • Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies. “Netanyahu’s Moscow Visit Cements Russian-Israeli Cooperation in Syria Policy Analysis Unit,” Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, September, 2015, https://www.dohainstitute.org/en/lists/ACRPS-PDFDocumentLibrary/Russian_Israeli_Cooperation_in_Syria.pdf
  • Ari Gross, Judah. “Netanyahu: Israel acts to keep game-changing arms away from Hezbollah,” The Times of Israel, January 9, 2018, https://www.timesofisrael.com/netanyahu-israel-acts-to-keep-game-changing-arms-away-from-hezbollah/.
  • Averbukh, Lidia and Klein, Margarete. “Russia-Israel Relationship Transformed by Syria Conflict: Political Interests Overshadow Social and Economic Ties,” German Institute for International and Security Affairs, NO.37, September, 2018, https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/comments/2018C37_avk_kle.pdf
  • Black, Ian. “Israelis watch intently as Syrian rebel forces approach Golan Heights border,” The Guardian, June 19, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/world/on-the-middle-east/2015/jun/19/israelis-watch-intently-as-syrian-rebel-forces-approach-golan-heights-border.
  • Delanoë, Igor. “Russia-Israel: Syria, a new structural challenge of Israeli-Russian relations,” Observatoire of Arab-Muslim World and Sahel, April 11, 2019, https://www.frstrategie.org/sites/default/files/documents/programmes/observatoire-du-monde-arabo-musulman-et-du-sahel/publications/en/201916.pdf
  • Freilich, Chuck. “Syria's Assad Regime Won the Civil War,” Haaretz, 10 March, 2019, https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-syria-s-assad-regime-won-the-civil-war-can-it-survive-an-israeli-attack-1.6999227
  • Gupta, Pritish. “Russia and Israel: Towards a pragmatic partnership,” Observer Research Foundation, Mar 05, 2020, https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/russia-and-israel-towards-a-pragmatic-partnership-61949/
  • G. Rabil, Robert. “Tending to Israel’s Relationship with Russia,” BESA Center, No. 1,047, December 26, 2018, https://besacenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/1047-Tending-Israels-Relationship-Russia-Rabil-final.pdf
  • Harel, Amos. “Putin’s phone call with Netanyahu put end to Israeli strikes in Syria,” Haaretz, February 15, 2018, https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/iran/putin-s-call-with-netanyahu-called-time-on-israel-s-syrian-strikes-1.5809118.
  • Harel, Amos. “For Israel, Syria Red Lines Matter More Than a Hotline to the Kremlin,” September 30, 2015, Haaretz, http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.677183
  • Hiltermann, Joost. “Russia can keep the peace between Israel and Iran--but following the hostilities over the weekend, does Putin want to?,” The Atlantic, February 13, 2018, https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/02/israel-syria-iran-hezbollah-putin-assad/553217/
  • Liphshiz, Cnaan. “Can Israel benefit from sheriff Putin policing the Middle East,” The Times of Israel, October 13, 2015, https://www.timesofisrael.com/can-israel-benefit-from-sheriff-putin-policing-the-middle-east/.
  • Martini, Jeffrey; York, Erin, and Young, William. “Syria as an arena of strategic competition,” RAND, 2013, https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR200/RR213/RAND_RR213.pdf.
  • Malashenko, Alexey. “A new stage in Russian-Israeli relations?,” The Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute (DOC Research Institute), April 2, 2019, https://doc-research.org/2019/04/new-stage-russian-israeli-relations/
  • Magen, Zvi. “Russia and the Challenges of a Changing Middle East: A View from Israel,” in Russia and Israel in the Changing Middle East, Ed. Zvi Magen and Vitaly Naumkin, , (Institute for National Security Studies, 2013), https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/172130/Memorandum129_2013.pdf
  • N. Katz, Mark. “Russia and Israel: An Improbable Friendship,” in Russia’s Return to the Middle East, building Sandcastles?, Ed. Nicu Popescu and Stanislav Secrieru, chaillot Papers, Nº 146, (European Union Institute for Security Studies, Paris, 2018).
  • Ramani, Samuel. “Why Russia and Israel are cooperating in Syria,” Huff post, June 23, 2016, https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/why-russia-and-israel-are-cooperating-in-syria_us_576bdb68e4b083e0c0235e15?guccounter=1.
  • TOI staff. “Ashkenazi tells Russian FM Iranian entrenchment in Syria must be prevented,” Times of Israel, 26 October, 2020, https://www.timesofisrael.com/ashkenazi-tells-russian-fm-iranian-entrenchment-in-syria-must-be-prevented/
  • Wojnarowicz, Michal. “Israeli-Russian Relations in the Context of the Syrian Civil War,” Bulletin, No. 48 (988), 17 May, 2017, https://www.pism.pl/files/?id_plik=23171

Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War

Year 2020, Issue 7, 90 - 104, 21.06.2021

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to examine the dynamics of the Russian-Israeli relations since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2015. Moscow and Tel Aviv have deep historical ties in the political, military, economic and cultural spheres. Russia's important role in international developments, especially after Russia's intervention in the Syrian civil war in 2015 has forced Israel to expand relations with Russia due to threats from proxy forces of Iran and Hezbollah in southern Syria (Golan Heights). In this article, we seek to analyze the relations between Russia and Israel in the Syrian civil war and its consequences to the other countries within the context of the current geopolitical changes. Realpolitik-based national interests are key to explain the current level of diplomatic and security relations. Regarding the Syrian civil war, the relations between Russia and Israel warmed. The prospect of Russian policy in Syria deserves further attention for the security interests of Israel. The method in this paper is descriptive-analytical.

References

  • Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies. “Netanyahu’s Moscow Visit Cements Russian-Israeli Cooperation in Syria Policy Analysis Unit,” Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, September, 2015, https://www.dohainstitute.org/en/lists/ACRPS-PDFDocumentLibrary/Russian_Israeli_Cooperation_in_Syria.pdf
  • Ari Gross, Judah. “Netanyahu: Israel acts to keep game-changing arms away from Hezbollah,” The Times of Israel, January 9, 2018, https://www.timesofisrael.com/netanyahu-israel-acts-to-keep-game-changing-arms-away-from-hezbollah/.
  • Averbukh, Lidia and Klein, Margarete. “Russia-Israel Relationship Transformed by Syria Conflict: Political Interests Overshadow Social and Economic Ties,” German Institute for International and Security Affairs, NO.37, September, 2018, https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/comments/2018C37_avk_kle.pdf
  • Black, Ian. “Israelis watch intently as Syrian rebel forces approach Golan Heights border,” The Guardian, June 19, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/world/on-the-middle-east/2015/jun/19/israelis-watch-intently-as-syrian-rebel-forces-approach-golan-heights-border.
  • Delanoë, Igor. “Russia-Israel: Syria, a new structural challenge of Israeli-Russian relations,” Observatoire of Arab-Muslim World and Sahel, April 11, 2019, https://www.frstrategie.org/sites/default/files/documents/programmes/observatoire-du-monde-arabo-musulman-et-du-sahel/publications/en/201916.pdf
  • Freilich, Chuck. “Syria's Assad Regime Won the Civil War,” Haaretz, 10 March, 2019, https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-syria-s-assad-regime-won-the-civil-war-can-it-survive-an-israeli-attack-1.6999227
  • Gupta, Pritish. “Russia and Israel: Towards a pragmatic partnership,” Observer Research Foundation, Mar 05, 2020, https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/russia-and-israel-towards-a-pragmatic-partnership-61949/
  • G. Rabil, Robert. “Tending to Israel’s Relationship with Russia,” BESA Center, No. 1,047, December 26, 2018, https://besacenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/1047-Tending-Israels-Relationship-Russia-Rabil-final.pdf
  • Harel, Amos. “Putin’s phone call with Netanyahu put end to Israeli strikes in Syria,” Haaretz, February 15, 2018, https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/iran/putin-s-call-with-netanyahu-called-time-on-israel-s-syrian-strikes-1.5809118.
  • Harel, Amos. “For Israel, Syria Red Lines Matter More Than a Hotline to the Kremlin,” September 30, 2015, Haaretz, http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.677183
  • Hiltermann, Joost. “Russia can keep the peace between Israel and Iran--but following the hostilities over the weekend, does Putin want to?,” The Atlantic, February 13, 2018, https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/02/israel-syria-iran-hezbollah-putin-assad/553217/
  • Liphshiz, Cnaan. “Can Israel benefit from sheriff Putin policing the Middle East,” The Times of Israel, October 13, 2015, https://www.timesofisrael.com/can-israel-benefit-from-sheriff-putin-policing-the-middle-east/.
  • Martini, Jeffrey; York, Erin, and Young, William. “Syria as an arena of strategic competition,” RAND, 2013, https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR200/RR213/RAND_RR213.pdf.
  • Malashenko, Alexey. “A new stage in Russian-Israeli relations?,” The Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute (DOC Research Institute), April 2, 2019, https://doc-research.org/2019/04/new-stage-russian-israeli-relations/
  • Magen, Zvi. “Russia and the Challenges of a Changing Middle East: A View from Israel,” in Russia and Israel in the Changing Middle East, Ed. Zvi Magen and Vitaly Naumkin, , (Institute for National Security Studies, 2013), https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/172130/Memorandum129_2013.pdf
  • N. Katz, Mark. “Russia and Israel: An Improbable Friendship,” in Russia’s Return to the Middle East, building Sandcastles?, Ed. Nicu Popescu and Stanislav Secrieru, chaillot Papers, Nº 146, (European Union Institute for Security Studies, Paris, 2018).
  • Ramani, Samuel. “Why Russia and Israel are cooperating in Syria,” Huff post, June 23, 2016, https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/why-russia-and-israel-are-cooperating-in-syria_us_576bdb68e4b083e0c0235e15?guccounter=1.
  • TOI staff. “Ashkenazi tells Russian FM Iranian entrenchment in Syria must be prevented,” Times of Israel, 26 October, 2020, https://www.timesofisrael.com/ashkenazi-tells-russian-fm-iranian-entrenchment-in-syria-must-be-prevented/
  • Wojnarowicz, Michal. “Israeli-Russian Relations in the Context of the Syrian Civil War,” Bulletin, No. 48 (988), 17 May, 2017, https://www.pism.pl/files/?id_plik=23171

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Political Science
Journal Section Araştırma Makaleleri
Authors

Aref BIJAN This is me
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0003-1545-8770
Palestine, State of

Publication Date June 21, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume , Issue 7

Cite

Bibtex @research article { israiliyat955307, journal = {İsrailiyat}, eissn = {2645-890X}, address = {Kırbaşı Cad 151/20 Karatay Konya}, publisher = {Huriye KULU}, year = {2021}, number = {7}, pages = {90 - 104}, title = {Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War}, key = {cite}, author = {Bıjan, Aref} }
APA Bıjan, A. (2021). Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War . İsrailiyat , (7) , 90-104 . Retrieved from http://dergi.israiliyat.com/en/pub/issue/62906/955307
MLA Bıjan, A. "Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War" . İsrailiyat (2021 ): 90-104 <http://dergi.israiliyat.com/en/pub/issue/62906/955307>
Chicago Bıjan, A. "Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War". İsrailiyat (2021 ): 90-104
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War AU - ArefBıjan Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - İsrailiyat JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 90 EP - 104 VL - IS - 7 SN - -2645-890X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Israiliyat Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War %A Aref Bıjan %T Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War %D 2021 %J İsrailiyat %P -2645-890X %V %N 7 %R %U
ISNAD Bıjan, Aref . "Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War". İsrailiyat / 7 (June 2021): 90-104 .
AMA Bıjan A. Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War. ISRAILIYAT. 2021; (7): 90-104.
Vancouver Bıjan A. Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War. İsrailiyat. 2021; (7): 90-104.
IEEE A. Bıjan , "Russia-Israel Relationship: In the Perspective of the Syrian Civil War", İsrailiyat, no. 7, pp. 90-104, Jun. 2021

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